The Senate Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations had issued a scathing report yesterday that blamed the bank for recklessly losing $6.2 billion (part of it federally insured) and regulators for looking the other way.
And just days earlier, Joshua Rosner issued another report on JPMorgan Chase's documented systematic fraud and abuse. Blogger David Dayen writes that it looks more like a rap sheet. Aptly named 'JPMorgan Chase: Out of Control,' the report lists 23 cases, most of which the bank admitted to through financial settlements. They include,
- Bank Secrecy Act violations;
- Money laundering for drug cartels;
- Violations of sanction orders against Cuba, Iran, Sudan, and former Liberian strongman Charles Taylor;
- Violations related to the Vatican Bank scandal (get on this, Pope Francis!);
- Violations of the Commodities Exchange Act;
- Failure to segregate customer funds (including one CFTC case where the bank failed to segregate $725 million of its own money from a $9.6 billion account) in the US and UK;
- Knowingly executing fictitious trades where the customer, with full knowledge of the bank, was on both sides of the deal;
- Various SEC enforcement actions for misrepresentations of CDOs and mortgage-backed securities;
- The AG settlement on foreclosure fraud;
- The OCC settlement on foreclosure fraud;
- Violations of the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act;
- Illegal flood insurance commissions;
- Fraudulent sale of unregistered securities;
- Auto-finance ripoffs;
- Illegal increases of overdraft penalties;
- Violations of federal ERISA laws as well as those of the state of New York;
- Municipal bond market manipulations and acts of bid-rigging, including violations of the Sherman Anti-Trust Act;
- Filing of unverified affidavits for credit card debt collections (“as a result of internal control failures that sound eerily similar to the industry’s mortgage servicing failures and foreclosure abuses”);
- Energy market manipulation that triggered FERC lawsuits;
- “Artificial market making” at Japanese affiliates;
- Shifting trading losses on a currency trade to a customer account;
- Fraudulent sales of derivatives to the city of Milan, Italy;
- Obstruction of justice (including refusing the release of documents in the Bernie Madoff case as well as the case of Peregrine Financial).
As Rolling Stone's Matt Taibbi reported:
The fund used (in part) federally-insured money to create, in essence, a kind of super high-risk hedge fund that gambled on credit derivatives, and ... when it got in trouble, it resorted to fudging its numbers in order to disguise the fact that it was losing money hand over fist.
Chase for years hid the very existence of this operation from banking regulators and lied about the purpose of the fund (saying it was purely a hedging operation when it stopped being a hedge and instead became a wild directional gamble), and it also changed the way it calculated the fund's value once it started to lose hundreds of millions of dollars. Even worse, the bank's own internal auditors signed off on the phoney-baloney accounting of this Synthetic Credit Portfolio (SCP), at one point allowing it to claim $719 million in losses when the real number was closer to $1.2 billion...
It's just unbelievable, what this company has gotten away with.The primary government regulator of the bank is the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency. Taibbi writes:
The report exposes two huge problems here. One, Chase consistently hid crucial information from the OCC, including the sort of massive increases in risk the OCC was created precisely to monitor. Two, even when the bank didn't hide stuff, the OCC was either too slow or too disinterested to take notice of potential problems.Let's hope this hearing is not just another congressional puppet show designed to make the public think they're doing something about a serious problem.